In the making of the film we interviewed many people who greatly influenced our learning and the outcome of TAWAI. Below is a selection for you to enjoy. Iain is a psychiatrist and philosopher.
It was once surrounded by the Mokuhinia River, today it is a park. The Waine'e Church was built between and for the Protestant Mission. It was the first stone church in the islands and could seat 3, churchgoers. It was rebuilt four times due to windstorms and fires—the last time was in Waine'e was immortalized by James Michener in his novel "Hawaii" as the church that could not stand the force of the wind.
Today the church is called the Waiola Church, or "water of life. A breadfruit tree, located in the churchyard, was planted in the days of Chief Kakaalanaeo. From the Lahaina Historical Guide:. Here are buried the great and obscure of Old Lahaina.
Notables include the following:. Many missionary children are buried in Wainee Cemetery, as is Rev. The oldest Hawaiian Christian gravestone in the Islands is that of a Mauian who died in from 'fever. Visitors should be aware that Hawaiians consider this site sacred.
Members of the largest Buddhist sect in Lahaina, the Hongwanji, have been meeting at this mission since The current building was erected in Today the mission holds celebrations on New Year's Eve to welcome the new year , in April to commemorate the birth of Buddha, and during the last week of August for the Bon Memorial celebration. The public is welcome to attend these events. Besides the airports, there are other travel options available check left side.
Since you are here already, you might want to pay a visit to some of the following locations: Kokopo, Kavieng, Kimbe, Buka and Arawa. To further explore this place, just scroll down and browse the available info.
Mt Tavurvur is the most well known volcano in Rabaul caldera, and has erupted as recently in January Books about Volcanoes : A selection of great books about volcanoes and volcanism, grouped into sections of different reading level interest. Get the ad-free version! Why is there advertising on this site? Tiki, Tiki of the mound of earth, Tiki gathered in the hands, To form hands and legs, And the fashion of a man, Whence came living men.
While Kahu chanted thus, the kohukohu was held in the hand of Ihenga. Kahu then proceeded with the direct male line Houmaitahiti, Tama, Tuhoro, And to your offspring born to life, And to the light of day.
This is your kohukohu of the horohoronga , To make light the weight of tapu. He is free, he is released from tapu. He goes safely where food is cooked, To the evil mighty spirits of Night, To the kind mighty spirits of Night, To the evil mighty spirits of Light, To the kind mighty spirits of Light. Then the kohukohu was offered as food to the stone images, and was divided for Houmaitahiti, for Ngatoroirangi, for Tama-te-kapua, and for Tuhoro, and was pressed into their mouths .
This being done Ihenga took up another kohukohu , and held it in his hand raising it aloft, while Kahu chanted the following karakia He is free, he is no longer tapu. The female Atua were then fed with the kohukohu as in the former case. Then part of the kohukohu was offered for the mother, Whaka-oti-rangi. Turn away Night, Come Day. This is the kohukoku of freedom, And deliverance from tapu.
This done, Ihenga took up another kohukohu, and held it aloft in his hand, while Kahu chanted thus Close up Night, close up Day, Close up Night as the soft south wind. I eat, Uenuku eats. I eat, Kahukura eats. I eat, Rongomai eats. I eat, Ihungaro eats. I eat, Itupaoa eats. I eat, Hangaroa eats. I eat, Ngatoro-irangi eats. I eat, Tama eats. Kearoa and Whaka-oti-rangi being both sacred female ancestors--wives of Ngatoro and Tama, represented the Ruahine , the swallowing of this food by whom was requisite in removing the tapu.
The tapu , or sacredness of Kahu, was supposed to be transferred to the kohukohu , and when this was eat by the ancestral spirits, the tapu was deposited with them.
If I fall from the precipice, Let me not be harmed. If I fall on the taramoa , Let me not be scratched. Those born of high rank or from a chiefly line possess a higher degree of tapu than those of common rank. In the past, tohunga sacred men possessing spiritual powers and others of high tapu would often be avoided as their tapu was so powerful that contact with them was dangerous for anyone of lower level.
The head is the most sacred part of the body. In ancient times, there were a number of procedures, including ritualistic incantations that had to be performed before or after the head came into contact with something else. A rangatira chief avoided scratching his head with his hand because this would make the hand tapu.
Until correct procedures had been followed to reverse the tapu to the state of noa the opposite of tapu , it would be dangerous to use his hand for common activities.jerome & ingrid lewis. Jerome is a lecturer at University College London specialising in hunter-gatherer societies and egalitarian politics. Ingrid is a public health professional and therapist specialising in reproductive and women’s health.